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FIFTH GENERATION

FIFTH GENERATION
Based on artificial intelligence, are still in development, though there are some applications, such as voice recognition, that are being used today. Present and Beyond: Artificial Intelligence, fifth generation computing devices, based on artificial intelligence, are still in development, though there are some applications, such as voice recognition, that are being used today. The use of parallel processing and superconductors is helping to make artificial intelligence a reality. The goal of fifth-generation computing is to develop devices that respond to natural language input and are capable of learning and self-organization.
(IBM notebooks, Pentium PCs-Pentium 1/2/3/4/Dual core/Quad core.. SUN work stations, Origin 2000, PARAM 10000, IBM SP/2) Read more...



CHARACTERISTICS
  1. Generation number beyond IV, have been used occasionally to describe some current computer system that have a dominant organizational or application driven feature.
  2. Computers based on artificial intelligence are available
  3. Computers use extensive parallel processing, multiple pipelines, multiple processors etc
  4. Massive parallel machines and extensively distributed system connected by communication networks fall in this category.
  5. Introduced ULSI (Ultra Large Scale Integration) technology – Intel’s Pentium 4 microprocessor contains 55 million transistors millions of components on a single IC chip.
  6. Superscalar processors, Vector processors, SIMD processors, 32 bit micro controllers and embedded processors, Digital Signal Processors (DSP) etc have been developed.
  7. Memory chips up to 1 GB, hard disk drives up to 180 GB and optical disks up to 27 GB are available (still the capacity is increasing)
  8. Object oriented language like JAVA suitable for internet programming has been developed.
  9. Portable note book computers introduced
  10. Storage technology advanced – large main memory and disk storage available
  11. Introduced World Wide Web. (and other existing applications like e-mail, e Commerce, Virtual libraries/Classrooms, multimedia applications etc.)
  12. New operating systems developed – Windows 95/98/XP/…, LINUX, etc.
  13. Got hot pluggable features – which enable a failed component to be replaced with a new one without the need to shutdown the system, allowing the uptime of the system to be very high.
  14. The recent development in the application of internet is the Grid technology which is still in its upcoming stage.
  15. Quantum mechanism and nanotechnology will radically change the phase of computers.

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